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Monday, July 03, 2006

Foray into PIPES

Recently I have been approached by a few entrepreneurs seeking expansionary capital from PIPES ( Private Investments in Public Equity ). They came with all kinds of notions, some bizzare, some downright absurd. Since I normally advise them to visit my blog before they approach me, let me try and give them a proper perspective on what is it that we do in PIPE space. More particularly, what they can expect.
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What is a PIPE fund, and how does it work?

PIPES are direct investments in public companies, which means that we negotiate an investment directly into a public company. PIPE investors give the small public company capital in exchange for newly issued stock. Generally, they purchase stock at a small discount from the price that it is trading at in the public market. They may also invest in a convertible preferred or a convertible note, but the conversion price will be at a discount from the price at which the stock sells in the public market. They always receive a warrant kicker. This method of financing has basically replaced secondary offerings. For a small-cap public company, it is a great way to raise growth capital. They don’t buy shares in the open market; they buy from the company, and it’s a highly structured transaction.

It’s a little bit complicated in terms of some of the terms and conditions, but at the end of the day, they are buying stock or a convertible in a company that’s public that we recommend is undervalued. If you’re a small public company raising $10 million, no one’s going to do a secondary offering for $10 million. Maybe a company wants to make an acquisition, and they need $5 million in cash and they want to raise a little more for working capital. Goldman Sachs, Merrill Lynch and Morgan Stanley aren’t going to do a $10 million deal, or a secondary or a PIPE. It’s too small. So the alternative is to approach PIPE investors to raise capital. On the basis of our internal research, we guide PIPE investors to companies that merit investments.

What is your due diligence process?

We have a checklist of things we go through. The key is conducting due diligence focused on management, competitors, the products, and we seek out knowledgeable business and investment advisors can help us conduct due diligence. We’re not interested in doing complete, thorough analysis on all the competitors and the relative valuations. We’re more interested in guys in the industry who can give us insights into the company and whether they’re going to succeed or not. We also examine the use of proceeds. We like the investor’s capital to be used to accelerate growth through acquisition. Another good use of capital is to build, develop or launch a new product or service that’s going to require an investment. We’ll look thoroughly at the capital structure, make sure there’s not a lot of warrants or options that are struck below where the investors are purchasing a stock. One of the things we like to see that doesn’t happen often is, sometimes management puts in money alongside our investors. In today’s world, that’s a novelty. Management’s been notorious for taking options and warrants and forgivable loans, and we have guys who put hard money in. We want to have the interest of the shareholders, our client investors, and management aligned as much as possible. That’s extremely important, because if we see a conflict – if the guy’s taking a $400,000 salary and they’re burning $1 million a month because they’re a biotech, and he’s not willing to take a salary cut and he’s issuing himself low-priced options, that doesn’t cut it for us.

Since you recommend investment in some healthcare and biotech companies, is there a technical aspect to your due diligence process?

Obviously, the technical due diligence is really important. When we recommend investment in a software company, we’re going to have guys who have started, run and sold software businesses. And that’s got to check out, because we really listen to our advisors. It’s a rare day when our advisor says no and we recommend investments. And we try to get consensus. We try to have more than one person looking at a company. If it’s a medical company, we will have a medical advisor assist us with due diligence on the company.

How do you minimize risk?


I think the best way to minimize risk is to do due diligence up front, both from a fundamental and a technical viewpoints, to try to assess historical milestone achievements by the management team of the company, and then to try to blend a scenario for future prospects. For instance, if we were looking at a company that is raising capital and used the proceeds for a strategic acquisition, that would be a very big item of interest to us, from a due diligence perspective. Because obviously, if the company was making that acquisition, and that acquisition is accretive, then we would believe the company would have a higher prospect or a higher probability of growth that would be reflected in the stock price. Nevertheless, we still have to be very sensitive to deploying capital in companies that historically have not hit their milestones, and we assess that as part of the risk-reward scenario.

2 Comments:

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Anonymous Jeff Vasington said...

If you ask me, working capital for business is one of the best ways to increase your liquid finances, while at the same time increasing the value of your business.

7:35 AM  

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